THIS SECTION IS CURRENT THROUGH THE FIRST SPECIAL SESSION OF THE FORTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE
CHAPTER 7.  TAXATION
ARTICLE 2.  INCOME TAX GENERAL PROVISIONS



§ 7-2-18.19 NMSA 1978.  Sustainable building tax credit.

A.       The tax credit provided by this section may be referred to as the “sustainable building tax credit”. The sustainable building tax credit shall be available for the construction in New Mexico of a sustainable building or the renovation of an existing building in New Mexico into a sustainable building. The tax credit provided in this section may not be claimed with respect to the same sustainable building for which the sustainable building tax credit provided in the Corporate Income and Franchise Tax Act [7-2A-1 NMSA 1978] has been claimed.

B.       A taxpayer who files an income tax return is eligible to apply for a sustainable building tax credit if the taxpayer is:

(1)      the owner of the building at the time the certification level for the building in the LEED green building rating system or the build green New Mexico rating system is awarded; or

(2)      the subsequent purchaser of a sustainable building with respect to which no tax credit has been previously claimed, if the certification level for the building in the LEED green building rating system or the build green New Mexico rating system is awarded on or after January 1, 2007.

C.      For taxable years ending on or before December 31, 2016, the sustainable building tax credit may be claimed with respect to a sustainable commercial building. The credit shall be calculated based on the certification level the building has achieved in the LEED green building rating system and the amount of qualified occupied square footage in the building, as indicated on the following chart:

LEED Rating Level            Qualified                        Tax Credit per
              Occupied                        Square 
Foot
                                      Square
 Footage                                                    

LEED-NC Silver                 First 10,000                      $ 3.50

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 1.75

                                      Over 50,000

                                      Up to 500,000                   $ 0.70

LEED-NC Gold                  First 10,000                      $ 4.75

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 2.00

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                   $ 1.00

LEED-NC Platinum             First 10,000                      $ 6.25

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 3.25

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                   $ 2.00

LEED-EB or CS Silver        First 10,000                      $ 2.50

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 1.25

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                   $ 0.50

LEED-EB or CS Gold          First 10,000                      $ 3.35

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 1.40

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                   $ 0.70

LEED-EB or CS Platinum    First 10,000                      $ 4.40

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 2.30

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                   $ 1.40

LEED-CI Silver                  First 10,000                      $ 1.40

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 0.70

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                    $ 0.30

LEED-CI Gold                   First 10,000                       $ 1.90

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 0.80

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                   $ 0.40

LEED-CI Platinum              First 10,000                     $ 2.50

                                      Next 40,000                      $ 1.30

                                      Over 50,000

                                      up to 500,000                   $ 0.80

D.      For taxable years ending on or before December 31, 2016, the sustainable building tax credit may be claimed with respect to a sustainable residential building. The credit shall be calculated based on the amount of qualified occupied square footage, as indicated on the following chart:

Rating System/Level        Qualified                         Tax Credit
Occupied                        per Square
                                      Square                            Foot
                                      Footage                                                                 

Build Green NM Gold         First 2,000                       $ 4.50

                                      Next 1,000                       $ 2.00

LEED-H Silver                   First 2,000                       $ 5.00

                                      Next 1,000                       $ 2.50

LEED-H Gold                    First 2,000                       $ 6.85

                                      Next 1,000                       $ 3.40

LEED-H Platinum              First 2,000                        $ 9.00

                                      Next 1,000                       $ 4.45

EPA ENERGY STAR
Manufactured Housing        Up to 3,000                     $ 3.00

E.       A taxpayer may apply for certification of eligibility for the sustainable building tax credit from the energy, minerals and natural resources department after the construction or renovation of the sustainable building is complete. Applications shall be considered in the order received. If the energy, minerals and natural resources department determines that the taxpayer meets the requirements of Subsection B of this section and that the building with respect to which the tax credit application is made meets the requirements of this section as a sustainable residential building or a sustainable commercial building, it may issue a certificate of eligibility to the taxpayer, subject to the limitation in Subsection F of this section. The certificate shall include the rating system certification level awarded to the building, the amount of qualified occupied square footage in the building and a calculation of the maximum amount of sustainable building tax credit for which the taxpayer would be eligible. The energy, minerals and natural resources department may issue rules governing the procedure for administering the provisions of this subsection.

F.       The energy, minerals and natural resources department may issue a certificate of eligibility only if the total amount of sustainable building tax credits represented by certificates of eligibility issued by the energy, minerals and natural resources department pursuant to this section and pursuant to the Corporate Income and Franchise Tax Act shall not exceed in any calendar year an aggregate amount of one million dollars ($1,000,000) with respect to sustainable commercial buildings and an aggregate amount of four million dollars ($4,000,000) with respect to sustainable residential buildings; provided that no more than one million two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($1,250,000) of the aggregate amount with respect to sustainable residential buildings shall be for manufactured housing. If for any taxable year the energy, minerals and natural resources department determines that the applications for sustainable building tax credits with respect to sustainable residential buildings for that taxable year exceed the aggregate limit set in this section, the energy, minerals and natural resources department may issue certificates of eligibility under the aggregate annual limit for sustainable commercial buildings to owners of sustainable residential buildings that meet the requirements of the energy, minerals and natural resources department and of this section; provided that applications for sustainable building credits for other sustainable commercial buildings total less than the full amount allocated for tax credits for sustainable commercial buildings.

G.      Installation of a solar thermal system or a photovoltaic system eligible for the solar market development tax credit pursuant to Section 7-2-18.14 NMSA 1978 may not be used as a component of qualification for the rating system certification level used in determining eligibility for the sustainable building tax credit, unless a solar market development tax credit pursuant to Section 7-2-18.14 NMSA 1978 has not been claimed with respect to that system and the taxpayer certifies that such a tax credit will not be claimed with respect to that system.

H.      To be eligible for the sustainable building tax credit, the taxpayer must provide to the taxation and revenue department a certificate of eligibility issued by the energy, minerals and natural resources department pursuant to the requirements of Subsection E of this section and any other information the taxation and revenue department may require to determine the amount of the tax credit due the taxpayer.

I.        If the requirements of this section have been complied with, the department shall issue to the applicant a document granting a sustainable building tax credit. The document shall be numbered for identification and declare its date of issuance and the amount of the tax credit allowed pursuant to this section. The document may be sold, exchanged or otherwise transferred. The parties to such a transaction shall notify the department of the sale, exchange or transfer within ten days of the sale, exchange or transfer.

J.      If the total approved amount of all sustainable building tax credits for a taxpayer in a taxable year represented by the documents issued pursuant to Subsection I of this section is:
(1) less than one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), a maximum of twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) shall be applied against the taxpayer’s income tax liability for the taxable year for which the credit is approved and the next three subsequent taxable years as needed depending on the amount of credit; or
(2) one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) or more, increments of twenty-five percent of the total credit amount in each of the four taxable years, including the taxable year for which the credit is approved and the three subsequent taxable years, shall be applied against the taxpayer’s income tax liability.

          K.      If the sum of all sustainable building tax credits that can be applied to a taxable year for a taxpayer, calculated according to Paragraph (1) or (2) of Subsection J of this section, exceeds the taxpayer’s income tax liability for that taxable year, the excess may be carried forward for a period of up to seven years.
(15) “sustainable commercial building” means a multifamily dwelling unit, as registered and certified under the LEED-H or build green New Mexico rating system, that is certified by the United States green building council as LEED-H silver or higher or by build green New Mexico as silver or higher and has achieved a home energy rating system index of sixty or lower as developed by the residential energy services network or a building that has been registered and certified under the LEED-NC, LEED-EB, LEED-CS or LEED-CI rating system and that:
(16) “sustainable residential building” means:
(a) a building used as a single-family residence as registered and certified under the build green New Mexico or LEED-H rating system that: 1) is certified by the United States green building council as LEED-H silver or higher or by build green New Mexico as silver or higher; and 2) has achieved a home energy rating system index of sixty or lower as developed by the residential energy services network; or
(b) manufactured housing that is ENERGY STAR-qualified by the United States environmental protection agency; and

L.       A taxpayer who otherwise qualifies and claims a sustainable building tax credit with respect to a sustainable building owned by a partnership or other business association of which the taxpayer is a member may claim a credit only in proportion to that taxpayer’s interest in the partnership or association. The total credit claimed in the aggregate by all members of the partnership or association with respect to the sustainable building shall not exceed the amount of the credit that could have been claimed by a sole owner of the property.

M.      A husband and wife who file separate returns for a taxable year in which they could have filed a joint return may each claim only one-half of the credit that would have been allowed on a joint return.

N.      For the purposes of this section:

(1)      “build green New Mexico rating system” means the certification standards adopted by the homebuilders association of central New Mexico;

(2)      “LEED-CI” means the LEED rating system for commercial interiors;

(3)      “LEED-CS” means the LEED rating system for the core and shell of buildings;

(4)      “LEED-EB” means the LEED rating system for existing buildings;

(5)      “LEED gold” means the rating in compliance with, or exceeding, the second highest rating awarded by the LEED certification process;

(6)      “LEED” means the most current leadership in energy and environmental design green building rating system guidelines developed and adopted by the United States green building council;

(7)      “LEED-H” means the LEED rating system for homes;

(8)      “LEED-NC” means the LEED rating system for new buildings and major renovations;

(9)      LEED platinum” means the rating in compliance with, or exceeding, the highest rating awarded by the LEED certification process;

(10)    “LEED silver” means the rating in compliance with, or exceeding, the third highest rating awarded by the LEED certification process;

(11)    “qualified occupied square footage” means the occupied spaces of the building as determined by:

(a)      the United States green building council for those buildings obtaining LEED certification;

(b)     the administrators of the build green New Mexico rating system for those homes obtaining build green New Mexico certification; and

(c)      the United States environmental protection agency for ENERGY STAR-certified manufactured homes;

 (12)   “sustainable building” means either a sustainable commercial building or a sustainable residential building;

(13)    “sustainable commercial building” means a building that has been registered and certified under the LEED-NC, LEED-EB, LEED-CS or LEED-CI rating system and that:

(a)      is certified by the United States green building council at LEED-Silver or higher;

(b)     achieves any prerequisite for and at least one point related to commissioning under LEED “energy and atmosphere”, if included in the applicable rating system; and

(c)      has reduced energy consumption, as follows: 1) through 2011, a fifty percent energy reduction will be required based on the national average for that building type as published by the United States department of energy; and beginning January 1, 2012, a sixty percent energy reduction will be required based on the national average for that building type as published by the United States department of energy; and 2) is substantiated by the United States environmental protection agency target finder energy performance results form, dated no sooner than the schematic design phase of development; and

(14)    “sustainable residential building” means:

(a)      a building used as a single-family residence as registered and certified under the build green New Mexico or LEED-H rating systems that: 1) is certified by the United States green building council as LEED-H silver or higher or by build green New Mexico as gold or higher; and 2) has achieved a home energy rating system index of sixty or lower as developed by the residential energy services network;

(b)     a building used as multi-family dwelling units, as registered and certified under the LEED-H rating system that: 1) is certified by the United States green building council as LEED-H silver or higher or by build green New Mexico as gold or higher; and 2) has achieved a home energy rating system index of sixty or lower as developed by the residential energy services network; or

(c)      manufactured housing as defined by the United States department of housing and urban development that is ENERGY STAR-qualified by the United States environmental protection agency.